TECHNICAL PAPERS

Turbulence Structure of Hydraulic Jumps of Low Froude Numbers

Abstract

Turbulence characteristics of hydraulic jumps with Froude numbers of 2.0, 2.5, and 3.32 are presented. A Micro Acoustic Doppler velocimeter was used to obtain measurements of the velocities, turbulence intensities, Reynolds stresses, and power spectra. The maximum turbulence intensities and Reynolds stress at any section were found to decrease rapidly from the toe of the jump towards downstream within the jump and then gradually level off in the transition region from the end of the jump to the friction dominated open channel flow downstream. The maximum turbulence kinetic energy at each section decreases linearly with the longitudinal distance within the jump and gradually levels off in the transition region. The Reynolds stress and turbulence intensities within the jump show some degree of similarity. The dissipative eddy size was estimated to vary from 0.04 mm within the jump to 0.15 mm at the end of the transition region. The dominant frequency is in the range from 0 to 4 Hz for both horizontal and vertical velocity components.