Turbulence characteristics of hydraulic jumps with Froude numbers of 2.0, 2.5, and 3.32 are presented. A Micro Acoustic Doppler velocimeter was used to obtain measurements of the velocities, turbulence intensities, Reynolds stresses, and power spectra. The maximum turbulence intensities and Reynolds stress at any section were found to decrease rapidly from the toe of the jump towards downstream within the jump and then gradually level off in the transition region from the end of the jump to the friction dominated open channel flow downstream. The maximum turbulence kinetic energy at each section decreases linearly with the longitudinal distance within the jump and gradually levels off in the transition region. The Reynolds stress and turbulence intensities within the jump show some degree of similarity. The dissipative eddy size was estimated to vary from 0.04 mm within the jump to 0.15 mm at the end of the transition region. The dominant frequency is in the range from 0 to 4 Hz for both horizontal and vertical velocity components.
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PhD Student, Dept. of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Univ. of Alberta, Edmonton AB, Canada T6G 2G7.
Emeritus Professor, Dept. of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Univ. of Alberta, Edmonton AB, Canada T6G 2G7.
Associate Professor, Dept. of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Univ. of Alberta, Edmonton AB, Canada T6G 2G7 (corresponding author).
Received: February 24, 2003
Accepted: September 29, 2003
Published online: May 14, 2004
Copyright © 2004 American Society of Civil Engineers