Technical Papers
Oct 19, 2016

Development and Implementation of a Model-Based Road Traffic-Control Scheme

Publication: Journal of Computing in Civil Engineering
Volume 31, Issue 3

Abstract

Road traffic congestion, which occurs when the traffic demand exceeds the operational capacity of the roadway, has become a serious problem all over the world. Traffic signals are effective in managing the traffic demand if properly designed. Traditionally, signal design has been carried out based on the objective of minimizing the overall queue and associated delays at upstream sections and has not considered the effect on downstream sections and midblock regions. Efficiency of signals may be improved if their design takes this factor into account, which is attempted in the present study. In this paper, a control scheme that regulates the traffic density in the downstream section was developed using a macroscopic-model-based approach with traffic density and speed as the state variables of interest. These state variables were estimated based on a Kalman filter approach. The performance of the estimation scheme was corroborated using field data. A closed-loop system with the developed control scheme was implemented in a simulated road stretch developed by integrating microscopic traffic-simulation software and mathematical simulation software. The results from the implementation of the closed-loop system demonstrated the effectiveness of the developed traffic-control scheme. It was observed that the objective of maintaining the density inside the section within the required limit was satisfied.

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Acknowledgments

The first, third, and fourth authors acknowledge the support provided by the Ministry of Urban Development, Government of India, through Grant No. N-11025/30/2008-UCD. All authors acknowledge the support provided by the Indo-U.S. Science and Technology Forum (IUSSTF), Government of India, under the grant IUSSTF/JC-Intelligent Transportation Systems//95-2010/2011-12.

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Go to Journal of Computing in Civil Engineering
Journal of Computing in Civil Engineering
Volume 31Issue 3May 2017

History

Received: Feb 28, 2015
Accepted: Aug 3, 2016
Published online: Oct 19, 2016
Discussion open until: Mar 19, 2017
Published in print: May 1, 2017

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Authors

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Vincy Verghese [email protected]
Ph.D. Student, Dept. of Civil Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Madras, Chennai 600036, India. E-mail: [email protected]
Liu Chenhui [email protected]
Graduate Research Assistant, Dept. of Civil Engineering, Univ. of Nebraska, Lincoln, NE 6855583. E-mail: [email protected]
Shankar C. Subramanian [email protected]
Associate Professor, Dept. of Engineering Design, Indian Institute of Technology Madras, Chennai 600036, India. E-mail: [email protected]
Lelitha Vanajakshi, A.M.ASCE [email protected]
Associate Professor, Dept. of Civil Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Madras, Chennai 600036, India (corresponding author). E-mail: [email protected]
Anuj Sharma [email protected]
Associate Professor, Dept. of Civil Engineering, Iowa State Univ., Ames, IA 52242. E-mail: [email protected]

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