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TECHNICAL PAPERS
Feb 1, 2011

Inception Point and Air Entrainment on Flows under Macroroughness Condition

Publication: Journal of Environmental Engineering
Volume 137, Issue 7

Abstract

Rock chutes or block ramps are fishway passages with low environmental impact. They also contribute to reaeration of rivers with low dissolved oxygen content, owing to the turbulence enhanced by their three-dimensional macroroughness conditions. This paper analyzes the air entrainment inception in flows over beds in macroroughness condition and the self-aerated flow features of the developing flow downstream of the inception point. Air concentration, inception point locations, and water depth elevations have been measured on two different scaled chutes for slopes ranging between 1V:5.88H and 1V:2.17H. Moreover, two different ogee crest lengths have been tested to assess the role of the inlet conditions on the location of the inception point. New equations have been developed to estimate the location of the point of inception and the respective water depth. Longitudinal variations of the mean air concentration downstream from the inception point have been studied and compared with data from the literature. An expression is presented to estimate the optimum length of the block ramp in natural rivers for maximizing air-water mixing.

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Published In

Go to Journal of Environmental Engineering
Journal of Environmental Engineering
Volume 137Issue 7July 2011
Pages: 629 - 638

History

Received: Jul 29, 2010
Accepted: Jan 31, 2011
Published online: Feb 1, 2011
Published in print: Jul 1, 2011

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Authors

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Stefano Pagliara [email protected]
Professor, Dept. of Civil Engineering, Univ. of Pisa, Via Gabba 22, 56122 Pisa, Italy (corresponding author). E-mail: [email protected]
Iacopo Carnacina [email protected]
Ph.D., Dept. of Civil Engineering, Univ. of Pisa, Via Gabba 22, 56122 Pisa, Italy. E-mail: [email protected]
Thendiyath Roshni [email protected]
Ph.D. Student, Dept. of Civil Engineering, Univ. of Pisa, Via Gabba 22, 56122 Pisa, Italy. E-mail: [email protected]

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