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TECHNICAL PAPERS
Apr 30, 2010

Drained Deformation Behavior of Anisotropic Sands during Cyclic Rotation of Principal Stress Axes

Publication: Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering
Volume 136, Issue 11

Abstract

A series of drained tests for sands with inherent fabric anisotropy were conducted with an automatic hollow cylinder apparatus. The samples were subjected to cyclic rotation of principal stress axes while the magnitudes of effective principal stresses were maintained constant. The evolution of strain components and the volumetric strain with number of cycles, the relationship between the shear stress and shear strain components, and the flow rule of sands were investigated. It is found that plastic deformation is induced due to principal stress axes’ rotation alone without variation in the magnitudes of effective principal stresses. The contractive volumetric strain accumulates steadily with the increasing number of cycles; however, its accumulation rate is lowered with its progressive accumulation. The results also exhibit obvious noncoaxiality between the directions of strain increment and stress, and the noncoaxiality shows segmentation characteristics during the rotation of principal stress axes. Meanwhile, special attention was paid to the significant role of the intermediate principal stress parameter b [b=(σ2σ3)/(σ1σ3)] in the deformation behavior of sands during cyclic rotation of principal stress axes. It is found that the volumetric strain and the shear modulus ratio of the jth cycle to the first cycle increase with the increase in the b value under otherwise identical conditions. The effects of the relative density, effective mean normal stress, and deviatoric stress ratio on sand deformation behavior are also addressed in this work.

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Acknowledgments

The present study is financially supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. NNSFC50979046 and NNSFC10902005) and the Ministry of Science and Technology of PRC (Grant No. KMST2007CB714108). The writers wish to express their sincere gratitude to Professor C. W. W. Ng at HKUST for his help on the experimental work. The writers also want to acknowledge Dr. Pengcheng Fu at the University of California, Davis for helping improve the language of this paper. In addition, the writers thank the reviewers and the editors for their valuable and inspiring comments, which have substantially improved the quality of this paper.

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Go to Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering
Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering
Volume 136Issue 11November 2010
Pages: 1509 - 1518

History

Received: May 2, 2009
Accepted: Apr 27, 2010
Published online: Apr 30, 2010
Published in print: Nov 2010

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Authors

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Zhao-Xia Tong [email protected]
Assistant Professor, School of Transportation Science and Engineering, Beihang Univ., Beijing 100191, People’s Republic of China; formerly, Graduate Student, State Key Laboratory of Hydroscience and Engineering, Tsinghua Univ., Beijing 100084, People’s Republic of China (corresponding author). E-mail: [email protected]
Jian-Min Zhang [email protected]
Professor, Institute of Geotechnical Engineering, School of Civil Engineering, Tsinghua Univ., Beijing 100084, People’s Republic of China; and State Key Laboratory of Hydroscience and Engineering, School of Civil Engineering, Tsinghua Univ., Beijing 100084, People’s Republic of China. E-mail: [email protected]
Graduate Student, State Key Laboratory of Hydroscience and Engineering, School of Civil Engineering, Tsinghua Univ., Beijing 100084, People’s Republic of China. E-mail: [email protected]
Associate Professor, State Key Laboratory of Hydroscience and Engineering, School of Civil Engineering, Tsinghua Univ., Beijing 100084, People’s Republic of China. E-mail: [email protected]

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