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Case Studies
Jan 5, 2015

Evaluation of a GIS-Based Watershed Model for Streamflow and Sediment-Yield Simulation in the Upper Baitarani River Basin of Eastern India

Publication: Journal of Hydrologic Engineering
Volume 20, Issue 6

Abstract

Watershed models supported by a geographic information system (GIS) and remote sensing data have proven to be vital research tools for the planning and management of land and water resources at watershed or river basin scales. The present study was undertaken with the objective of evaluating a watershed model for the simulation of streamflow and sediment yield in the Baitarani watershed of Eastern India. The watershed model was calibrated and validated using daily rainfall and streamflow data from 1998 to 2005 and sediment yield data from 2002 to 2005. Other input parameters of the watershed model such as digital elevation model, soil map, and land use/land cover map were generated using GIS. The performance of the model was evaluated using salient statistical and graphical indicators. The model calibration and validation results revealed that the watershed model simulated streamflow in the study watershed with a higher level of accuracy at daily [Nash-Sutcliffe efficiency (NSE) = 0.86 and 0.84] and monthly (NSE=0.95 and 0.93) time steps during both calibration and validation periods. However, the model simulated sediment yields more accurately at the monthly time step (NSE=0.91 and 0.90) than the daily time step (NSE=0.62 and 0.59). During the entire period of sediment simulation (2002–2005), the total model-simulated sediment yield was 1,771×103tons against the observed sediment yield of 1,799×103tons with a deviation of approximately 1.6%. It is concluded that the watershed model is suitable for the simulation of streamflow and sediment transport in the study area, and it also has potential for adoption in other watersheds of the Baitarani River Basin as well as in other watersheds of India.

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Acknowledgments

The authors are very thankful to the CWC, Bhubneshwar, Orissa, India, and the India Meteorological Department (IMD), Bhubneshwar, Orissa, India, for providing necessary hydrological and meteorological data for this study. The authors are also very grateful to the three anonymous reviewers and the editors for their constructive suggestions.

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Go to Journal of Hydrologic Engineering
Journal of Hydrologic Engineering
Volume 20Issue 6June 2015

History

Received: Apr 2, 2014
Accepted: Oct 24, 2014
Published online: Jan 5, 2015
Published in print: Jun 1, 2015
Discussion open until: Jun 5, 2015

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Authors

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Arbind Kumar Verma [email protected]
Assistant Professor, Dept. of Agricultural Engineering, School of Agricultural Sciences and Rural Development, Nagaland Univ., Medziphema, Nagaland 797 106, India (corresponding author). E-mail: [email protected]
Madan Kumar Jha [email protected]
Professor, Dept. of Agricultural and Food Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur, Kharagpur, West Bengal 721 302, India. E-mail: [email protected]

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