On Tuesday, May 28, scheduled routine maintenance may cause intermittent connectivity issues which could impact e-commerce, registration, and single sign-on. Thank you for your patience.

Case Studies
Aug 11, 2018

Impact of Data Availability and Resolution on Long-Term Sedimentation Estimates in a Storage Reservoir

Publication: Journal of Hydrologic Engineering
Volume 23, Issue 10

Abstract

The sustainability of worldwide reservoirs is threatened by the reduction of their storage capacity caused by continuous sediment accumulation. Many reservoirs are filling in at rates higher than projected, and the storage initially allocated for sediment retention is no longer suitable. Only a limited number of sediment management strategies, such as watershed conservation or dam rehabilitation, can be used to restore capacities of large storage reservoirs. They generally require long-term planning and implementation that rely on accurate sedimentation estimates. This study develops a stochastic sediment budget approach based on three main variables (sediment delivery, trapping efficiency, and sediment dry bulk density) to estimate sedimentation in Fort Cobb Reservoir, a sparsely measured 98-Mm3 storage reservoir located in western Oklahoma. To account for missing sediment delivery data, a number of temporal and spatial data expansion techniques based on historical records and spatial proximity are developed and tested. The budget approach provides estimates of sedimentation volumes in Fort Cobb Reservoir similar to results of sedimentation surveys for the 1959–1993 and 1993–2007 periods. However, these estimates are highly uncertain. Corresponding coefficients of variation are 86% for the poorly monitored 1959–1993 period, and 38% for the 1993–2007 period with the best available data. For the 1993–2007 period, dry bulk density, sediment loads, and trap efficiency contributed to 55%, 35%, and 10% of the volume uncertainty, respectively. Using the stochastic budget approach, it is estimated that 88% of the reservoir volume allocated to sediment storage will be filled by the end of its design life.

Get full access to this article

View all available purchase options and get full access to this article.

Acknowledgments

The authors acknowledge the financial support of the North Carolina Agricultural Research Service. This project was supported by National Integrated Water Quality Program Grant No. 2013-51130-2184 from the USDA National Institute of Food and Agriculture. The authors thank Quintin Opitz from the Fort Cobb Reservoir Master Conservancy District for providing Fort Cobb Reservoir 1993 and 2007 survey reports.

References

Annandale, G. W., G. L. Morris, and P. Karki. 2016. Extending the life of reservoirs: Sustainable sediment management for run-of-river hydropower and dams, 193. Washington, DC: World Bank.
Asselman, N. E. 2000. “Fitting and interpretation of sediment rating curves.” J. Hydrol. 234 (3): 228–248. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0022-1694(00)00253-5.
Becker, C. J. 2001. Ground-water quality, levels, and flow direction near Fort Cobb Reservoir, Caddo County, Oklahoma, 1998-2000. Reston, VA: USGS.
Bennett, S. J., and J. A. Dunbar. 2003. “Physical and stratigraphic characteristics of sediments impounded within a flood control reservoir in Oklahoma.” Trans. ASAE 46 (2): 269–277. https://doi.org/10.13031/2013.12977.
Brennan, M. J., R. D. Knabb, M. Mainelli, and T. B. Kimberlain. 2009. “Atlantic hurricane season of 2007.” Mon. Weather Rev. 137 (12): 4061–4088. https://doi.org/10.1175/2009MWR2995.1.
Brock, F. V., K. C. Crawford, R. L. Elliott, G. W. Cuperus, S. J. Stadler, H. L. Johnson, and M. D. Eilts. 1995. “The Oklahoma Mesonet: A technical overview.” J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. 12: 5–19.
Brune, G. M. 1953. “Trap efficiency of reservoirs.” Eos Trans. Am. Geophys. Union 34 (3): 407–418. https://doi.org/10.1029/TR034i003p00407.
Dang, T. H., A. Coynel, D. Orange, G. Blanc, H. Etcheber, and L. A. Le. 2010. “Long-term monitoring (1960–2008) of the river-sediment transport in the Red River Watershed (Vietnam): Temporal variability and dam-reservoir impact.” Sci. Total Environ. 408 (20): 4654–4664. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2010.07.007.
Dendy, F. E. 1974. “Sediment trap efficiency of small reservoirs.” Trans. ASAE 17 (5): 898–901. https://doi.org/10.13031/2013.36994.
Duan, N. 1983. “Smearing estimate—A nonparametric retransformation method.” J. Am. Stat. Assoc. 78 (383): 605–610. https://doi.org/10.1080/01621459.1983.10478017.
Enlow, H. K., G. A. Fox, and L. Guertault. 2017. “Watershed variability in streambank erodibility and implications for erosion prediction.” Water 9 (8): 605. https://doi.org/10.3390/w9080605.
Ferrari, R. L. 1994. Fort Cobb reservoir, 1993 sedimentation survey, 41. Denver: US Dept. of the Interior.
Fox, G. A., A. Sheshukov, R. Cruse, R. L. Kolar, L. Guertault, K. R. Gesch, and R. C. Dutnell. 2016. “Reservoir sedimentation and upstream sediment sources: Perspectives and future research needs on streambank and gully erosion.” Environ. Manage. 57 (5): 945–955. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00267-016-0671-9.
FTN Associates. 2009. Fort Cobb reservoir 2007 sedimentation survey analysis. Little Rock, AR: Fort Cobb Reservoir Master Conservancy District.
Fuller, I. C., A. R. Large, E. M. Charlton, G. L. Heritage, and D. J. Milan. 2003. “Reach-scale sediment transfers: An evaluation of two morphological budgeting approaches.” Earth Surf. Processes Landforms 28 (8): 889–903. https://doi.org/10.1002/esp.1011.
Garbrecht, J. D. 2008. “Multi-year precipitation variations and watershed sediment yield in a CEAP benchmark watershed.” J. Soil Water Conserv. 63 (2): 70–76. https://doi.org/10.2489/jswc.63.2.70.
Garbrecht, J. D. 2011. “Effects of climate variations and soil conservation on sedimentation of a west-central Oklahoma reservoir.” J. Hydrol. Eng. 16 (11): 899–906. https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)HE.1943-5584.0000377.
Harmel, R. D., R. J. Cooper, R. M. Slade, R. L. Haney, and J. G. Arnold. 2006. “Cumulative uncertainty in measured streamflow and water quality data for small watersheds.” Trans. ASAE 49 (3): 689–701. https://doi.org/10.13031/2013.20488.
Horowitz, A. J. 2003. “An evaluation of sediment rating curves for estimating suspended sediment concentrations for subsequent flux calculations.” Hydrol. Processes 17 (17): 3387–3409. https://doi.org/10.1002/hyp.1299.
Hu, B., Z. Yang, H. Wang, X. Sun, N. Bi, and G. Li. 2009. “Sedimentation in the Three Gorges Dam and the future trend of Changjiang (Yangtze River) sediment flux to the sea.” Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci. 13 (11): 2253–2264. https://doi.org/10.5194/hess-13-2253-2009.
Jansson, M. B., and U. Erlingsson. 2000. “Measurement and quantification of a sedimentation budget for a reservoir with regular flushing.” River Res. Appl. 16 (3): 279–306. https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1099-1646(200005/06)16:3%3C279::AID-RRR586%3E3.0.CO;2-S.
Kondolf, G. M., et al. 2014. “Sustainable sediment management in reservoirs and regulated rivers: Experiences from five continents.” Earth’s Future 2 (5): 256–280. https://doi.org/10.1002/2013EF000184.
Lara, J. M., and E. L. Pemberton. 1963. “Initial unit weight of deposited sediments.” In Proc., Federal Interagency Sedimentation Conf., 818–845. Washington, DC: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture.
Lee, B. S., and G. J. Y. You. 2013. “An assessment of long-term overtopping risk and optimal termination time of dam under climate change.” J. Environ. Manage. 121 (1): 57–71. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2013.02.025.
Lemma, H., T. Admasu, M. Dessie, D. Fentie, J. Deckers, A. Frankl, J. Poesen, E. Adgo, and J. Nyssen. 2017. “Revisiting lake sediment budgets: How the calculation of lake lifetime is strongly data and method dependent.” Earth Surf. Processes Landforms 43 (3): 593–607. https://doi.org/10.1002/esp.4256.
Martin, D. B. 2002. Fort Cobb reservoir water quality investigations. Tulsa, OK: US Bureau of Reclamation.
McMillan, H., T. Krueger, and J. Freer. 2012. “Benchmarking observational uncertainties for hydrology: Rainfall, river discharge and water quality.” Hydrol. Processes 26 (26): 4078–4111. https://doi.org/10.1002/hyp.9384.
McPherson, R. A., et al. 2007. “Statewide monitoring of the mesoscale environment: A technical update on the Oklahoma Mesonet.” J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. 24: 301–321.
Merz, R., and G. Blöschl. 2008. “Flood frequency hydrology: 1. Temporal, spatial, and causal expansion of information.” Water Resour. Res. 44 (8): 1–17. https://doi.org/10.1029/2007WR006744.
Moriasi, D. N., J. A. Guzman, J. L. Steiner, P. J. Starks, and J. D. Garbrecht. 2014a. “Seasonal sediment and nutrient transport patterns.” J. Environ. Qual. 43 (4): 1334–1344. https://doi.org/10.2134/jeq2013.11.0478.
Moriasi, D. N., P. J. Starks, J. L. Steiner, J. A. Guzman, P. B. Allen, and J. W. Naney. 2014b. “Upper Washita River experimental watersheds: Physiography data.” J. Environ. Qual. 43 (4): 1298–1309. https://doi.org/10.2134/jeq2013.08.0337.
Morris, G. L., and J. Fan. 1998. Reservoir sedimentation handbook: Design and management of dams, reservoirs and watersheds for sustainable use, 805. New York: McGraw-Hill.
Podolak, C. J., and M. W. Doyle. 2015. “Reservoir sedimentation and storage capacity in the United States: Management needs for the 21st century.” J. Hydraul. Eng. 141 (4): 02515001. https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)HY.1943-7900.0000999.
Renwick, W. H., S. V. Smith, J. D. Bartley, and R. W. Buddemeier. 2005. “The role of impoundments in the sediment budget of the conterminous United States.” Geomorphology 71 (1–2): 99–111. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geomorph.2004.01.010.
Salas, J. D., and H.-S. Shin. 1999. “Uncertainty analysis of reservoir sedimentation.” J. Hydraul. Eng. 125 (4): 339–350. https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)0733-9429(1999)125:4(339).
Schleiss, A. J., M. J. Franca, C. Juez, and G. De Cesare. 2016. “Reservoir sedimentation.” J. Hydraul. Res. 54 (6): 595–614. https://doi.org/10.1080/00221686.2016.1225320.
Starks, P. J., J. A. Daniel, D. N. Moriasi, and J. L. Steiner. 2011. “Assessment of conservation practices in the Fort Cobb Reservoir watershed, southwestern Oklahoma.” Chap. 3 in Assessment of conservation practices in the Fort Cobb Reservoir watershed, Southwestern Oklahoma, edited by C. J. Becker. Reston, VA: USGS.
Stone, M. L., K. E. Juracek, J. L. Graham, and G. M. Foster. 2015. “Quantifying suspended sediment loads delivered to Cheney Reservoir, Kansas: Temporal patterns and management implications.” J. Soil Water Conserv. 70 (2): 91–100. https://doi.org/10.2489/jswc.70.2.91.
Storm, D. E., M. J. White, and S. Stoodley. 2010. Fort Cobb basin-modeling and land cover classification, final report. Stillwater, OK: Oklahoma State Univ.
Tarras-Wahlberg, N. H., and S. N. Lane. 2003. “Suspended sediment yield and metal contamination in a river catchment affected by El Niño events and gold mining activities: The Puyango River Basin, southern Ecuador.” Hydrol. Processes 17 (15): 3101–3123. https://doi.org/10.1002/hyp.1297.
Turowski, J. M., D. Rickenmann, and S. J. Dadson. 2010. “The partitioning of the total sediment load of a river into suspended load and bedload: a review of empirical data.” Sedimentology 57 (4): 1126–1146. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3091.2009.01140.x.
Verstraeten, G., and J. Poesen. 2000. “Estimating trap efficiency of small reservoirs and ponds: Methods and implications for the assessment of sediment yield.” Prog. Phys. Geogr. 24 (2): 219–251. https://doi.org/10.1177/030913330002400204.
Verstraeten, G., and J. Poesen. 2001a. “Factors controlling sediment yield from small intensively cultivated catchments in a temperate humid climate.” Geomorphology 40 (1–2): 123–144. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0169-555X(01)00040-X.
Verstraeten, G., and J. Poesen. 2001b. “Variability of dry sediment bulk density between and within retention ponds and its impact on the calculation of Sediment yields.” Earth Surf. Processes Landforms 26 (4): 375–394. https://doi.org/10.1002/esp.186.
Verstraeten, G., and J. Poesen. 2002. “Using sediment deposits in small ponds to quantify sediment yield from small catchments: Possibilities and limitations.” Earth Surf. Processes Landforms 27 (13): 1425–1439. https://doi.org/10.1002/esp.439.
Vörösmarty, C. J., M. Meybeck, B. Fekete, K. Sharma, P. Green, and J. P. Syvitski. 2003. “Anthropogenic sediment retention: Major global impact from registered river impoundments.” Global Planet. Change 39 (1–2): 169–190. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0921-8181(03)00023-7.
Wang, G., B. Wu, and Z. Y. Wang. 2005. “Sedimentation problems and management strategies of Sanmenxia Reservoir, Yellow River, China.” Water Resour. Res. 41 (9): 1–17. https://doi.org/10.1029/2004WR003919.
Wilson, C. G., R. A. Kuhnle, D. D. Bosch, J. L. Steiner, P. Starks, M. D. Tomer, and G. V. Wilson. 2008. “Quantifying relative contributions from sediment sources in Conservation Effects Assessment Project watersheds.” J. Soil Water Conserv. 63 (6): 523–532. https://doi.org/10.2489/jswc.63.6.523.

Information & Authors

Information

Published In

Go to Journal of Hydrologic Engineering
Journal of Hydrologic Engineering
Volume 23Issue 10October 2018

History

Received: Nov 20, 2017
Accepted: May 8, 2018
Published online: Aug 11, 2018
Published in print: Oct 1, 2018
Discussion open until: Jan 11, 2019

Permissions

Request permissions for this article.

Authors

Affiliations

L. Guertault [email protected]
Postdoctoral Research Associate, Dept. of Biological and Agricultural Engineering, North Carolina State Univ., 127 Weaver Lab, Campus Box 7625, Raleigh, NC 27695-7625 (corresponding author). Email: [email protected]
G. A. Fox, M.ASCE [email protected]
Professor and Department Head, Dept. of Biological and Agricultural Engineering, North Carolina State Univ., 104 Weaver Administration Bldg., Campus Box 7625, Raleigh, NC 27695-7625. Email: [email protected]

Metrics & Citations

Metrics

Citations

Download citation

If you have the appropriate software installed, you can download article citation data to the citation manager of your choice. Simply select your manager software from the list below and click Download.

Cited by

View Options

Get Access

Access content

Please select your options to get access

Log in/Register Log in via your institution (Shibboleth)
ASCE Members: Please log in to see member pricing

Purchase

Save for later Information on ASCE Library Cards
ASCE Library Cards let you download journal articles, proceedings papers, and available book chapters across the entire ASCE Library platform. ASCE Library Cards remain active for 24 months or until all downloads are used. Note: This content will be debited as one download at time of checkout.

Terms of Use: ASCE Library Cards are for individual, personal use only. Reselling, republishing, or forwarding the materials to libraries or reading rooms is prohibited.
ASCE Library Card (5 downloads)
$105.00
Add to cart
ASCE Library Card (20 downloads)
$280.00
Add to cart
Buy Single Article
$35.00
Add to cart

Get Access

Access content

Please select your options to get access

Log in/Register Log in via your institution (Shibboleth)
ASCE Members: Please log in to see member pricing

Purchase

Save for later Information on ASCE Library Cards
ASCE Library Cards let you download journal articles, proceedings papers, and available book chapters across the entire ASCE Library platform. ASCE Library Cards remain active for 24 months or until all downloads are used. Note: This content will be debited as one download at time of checkout.

Terms of Use: ASCE Library Cards are for individual, personal use only. Reselling, republishing, or forwarding the materials to libraries or reading rooms is prohibited.
ASCE Library Card (5 downloads)
$105.00
Add to cart
ASCE Library Card (20 downloads)
$280.00
Add to cart
Buy Single Article
$35.00
Add to cart

Media

Figures

Other

Tables

Share

Share

Copy the content Link

Share with email

Email a colleague

Share