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Technical Papers
Aug 25, 2021

Flood-Induced Hydrodynamic and Debris Impact Forces on Single-Span Masonry Arch Bridge

Publication: Journal of Hydraulic Engineering
Volume 147, Issue 11

Abstract

This paper explores flood-induced hydrodynamic and debris impact forces on masonry arch bridges using the numerical method smoothed particle hydrodynamics (SPH). Masonry arch bridges make up a significant proportion of the bridge stock in many parts of the world, including the UK and US. Although the masonry arch is a durable bridge form, those spanning watercourses can be vulnerable to the effects of flooding. Where fast flood flows impinge on the bridge superstructure, highly transient behavior is observed, which can lead to violent interactions, especially where debris is carried by the flow. This paper investigates flood-induced impact pressures on a typical single-span masonry arch bridge subject to hydrodynamic action and discrete floating debris. Different debris orientations relative to the bridge span are considered. Results revealed that the presence of the debris can lead to impact pressures an order of magnitude greater than the hydrodynamic conditions alone. Furthermore, the influence of debris orientation at impact was significant, with the 90° orientation resulting in higher peak impact pressures with shorter impact duration compared with the 0°.

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Data Availability Statement

Some or all data, models, or code generated or used during the study (e.g., input/output XML files and output VTK files) are available from the corresponding author by reasonable request. Also, the open source DualSPHysics code used in this study is available at dual.sphysics.org.

Acknowledgments

The authors are grateful to the Ministry of National Education of the Republic of Turkey for the funding of this research and Janet Emily Richards for her permission to use the photo of Worcester Bridge.

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Journal of Hydraulic Engineering
Volume 147Issue 11November 2021

History

Received: Nov 6, 2020
Accepted: Jun 7, 2021
Published online: Aug 25, 2021
Published in print: Nov 1, 2021
Discussion open until: Jan 25, 2022

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Ph.D. Candidate, Dept. of Mechanical, Aerospace, and Civil Engineering Manchester, Univ. of Manchester, Manchester M13 9PL, UK (corresponding author). ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5623-3263. Email: [email protected]
Lee S. Cunningham, Ph.D., M.ASCE https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7686-7490
CEng.
Senior Lecturer, Dept. of Mechanical, Aerospace, and Civil Engineering Manchester, Univ. of Manchester, Manchester M13 9PL, UK. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7686-7490
Benedict D. Rogers, Ph.D. https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3269-7979
Professor, Dept. of Mechanical, Aerospace, and Civil Engineering Manchester, Univ. of Manchester, Manchester M13 9PL, UK. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3269-7979

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