Technical Papers
Dec 8, 2020

Three Pathways to Highly Energy Efficient Buildings: Assessing Combinations of Teaming and Technology

Publication: Journal of Management in Engineering
Volume 37, Issue 2

Abstract

Highly energy efficient (HEE) buildings require a whole-system approach to building design. Scholars have suggested many tools, techniques, and processes to address the cross-disciplinary complexities of such an approach, but how these elements might be best combined to lead to better project outcomes is yet unknown. To address this, we surveyed architects associated with 33 AIA-COTE award-winning projects on the social, organizational, and technological elements of whole-system design (WSD) practices. We then used fuzzy sets-qualitative comparative analysis (fsQCA) to analyze the interdependencies among those elements. We found three distinct pathways for the design and construction of HEE buildings: information-driven, process-driven, or organization-driven. We also found that HEE buildings share some conditions for success, including having shared goals, owners engagement in the design process, and frequent and participatory interorganizational meetings. Our findings can help practitioners strategize and make decisions on incorporating WSD elements associated with their project types. Moreover, these results provide a launchpad for scholars to investigate complementarities among elements facilitating the design and construction process of HEE projects.

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Data Availability Statement

Some or all data, models, or code generated or used during the study are available in a repository or online in accordance with funder data retention policies. (The American Institute of Architects. 2020. “AIA Committee on the Environment Top Ten Projects.” https://www.aiatopten.org/ (May 7, 2020); Homayouni, H. (2020a). “AIA-COTE-TOP-10-data-compilation.” https://osf.io/7qcjx/?view_only=3614423b7b6e4a4b9b1560e6c9222dc2; Homayouni, H. (2020b). “WSD-Elements-Questionnaire-Survey.” https://osf.io/kqpza/?view_only=3fc2b52918b34191937362669f631b33).
Some or all data, models, or code generated or used during the study are proprietary or confidential in nature and may only be provided with restrictions (e.g., anonymized data) (identified survey results).
The questionnaire survey is available online in OSF Library (https://osf.io/kqpza/?view_only=3fc2b52918b34191937362669f631b33).

Acknowledgments

This material is based upon work supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant No. 0823338 “Assessing Collaboration Across Organizational Boundaries in US Green Construction: Does working together with new information technology result in better buildings?” Conducting the survey was approved by an International Review Board (IRB) at the University of Washington, Seattle, USA. We would like to thank the anonymous referees of the JME journal who carefully reviewed our manuscript for their constructive and insightful comments.

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Journal of Management in Engineering
Volume 37Issue 2March 2021

History

Received: May 26, 2020
Accepted: Sep 9, 2020
Published online: Dec 8, 2020
Published in print: Mar 1, 2021
Discussion open until: May 8, 2021

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Teaching Associate, College of Architecture and Urban Planning, Shahid Beheshti Univ., Tehran 1983969411, Iran (corresponding author). ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5409-6541. Email: [email protected]
Carrie Sturts Dossick, M.ASCE [email protected]
P.E.
Associate Professor, Dept. of Construction Management, Univ. of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195. Email: [email protected]
Professor of Technology and Society, Oxford Internet Institute and Dept. of Sociology, Univ. of Oxford, Oxford, UK. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9090-924X. Email: [email protected]

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