Technical Papers
Oct 11, 2012

Strength and Abrasion Characteristics of ISF Slag Concrete

Publication: Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering
Volume 25, Issue 11

Abstract

Use of industrial by-products as raw materials in concrete is becoming necessary to address the sustainability of both the concrete and the industrial growth. The present study assesses the potential of imperial smelting furnace (ISF) slag as in concrete, considering the presence of toxic elements (lead and zinc) and their detrimental effects on the early hydration of cement. Equivalent volume of sand was replaced by ISF slag in different percentages. Concrete specimens were prepared at different water-to-cement ratios. Compressive, flexural, and pull-off strength, along with abrasion resistance, were examined. Leaching potentials of toxic lead, zinc, and cadmium from ISF slag concrete mixtures were also analyzed to evaluate environmental viability. Results are encouraging because sign of delay in setting was not observed. Improvement in compressive and pull-off strength, comparable flexural strength and abrasion resistance, and leaching of toxic elements within safe limits assures the potential of future use of ISF slag as sand in concrete.

Get full access to this article

View all available purchase options and get full access to this article.

Supplemental Materials

File (supplemental_data_mt.1943-5533.0000709_tripathi.pdf)

Acknowledgments

The authors gratefully acknowledge the financial support provided by the Department of Science and Technology, New Delhi, under the Women Scientist scheme (sanction number SR/WO-A/ET-39/2009), to accomplish this study.

References

Asavapisit, S., Naksrichum, S., and Harnwajanawong, N. (2005). “Strength, leachability and microstructure characteristics of cement-based solidified plating sludge.” Cem. Concr. Res., 35(6), 1042–1049.
ASTM. (2009). “Standard test method for bulk density (“unit weight”) and voids in aggregate.” ASTM C 29/C 29M-09, West Conshohocken, PA.
Atzeni, C., Massidda, L., and Sanna, U. (1996). “Use of granulated slag from lead and zinc processing in concrete technology.” Cem. Concr. Res., 26(9), 1381–1388.
Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS). (1959). “Methods of sampling and analysis of concrete.” IS: 1199, New Delhi, India.
Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS). (1970). “Specification for coarse and fine aggregates from natural sources for concrete.” IS: 383, New Delhi, India.
Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS). (1980). “Specification for cement concrete flooring tiles.” IS: 1237 (Appendix F—Method for determination of resistance to wear), New Delhi, India.
Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS). (1989). “43 grade ordinary Portland cement—specification.” IS: 8112, New Delhi, India.
Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS). (2000). “Plain and reinforced concrete—code of practice.” IS: 456, New Delhi, India.
Cioffi, R., Lavorgna, M., and Santoro, L. (2000). “Reuse of secondary lead smelter slag in the manufacture of concrete blocks.” Waste materials in construction, G. R. Woolley, J. J. J. M. Goumans, and P. J. Wainwright, eds., Elsevier, Amsterdam, Holland, 741–749.
Cocke, D. L. (1990). “The binding chemistry and leaching mechanisms of hazardous substances in cementitious solidification/stabilization systems.” J. Hazard. Mater., 24(2–3), 231–253.
Dunster, A. M., Moulinier, F., and Harrex, R. (2005). “ISF zinc slag as aggregate in trial roadways: Technical report.” BRE and the Waste and Resources Action Programme (WRAP), The Waste and Resources Action Programme, Banbury, Oxon.
Midgley, H. G. (1970). “The effect of lead compounds in aggregate upon the setting of Portland cement.” Mag. Concr. Res., 22(70), 42–44.
Ministry of Environment and Forests (MoEF). (2008). “Hazardous waste (management, handling & transboundary movement) rules.” Government of India.
Ministry of Environment and Forests (MoEF). (2010). “Environmental impact assessment guidance manual for mining of minerals.” Government of India.
Mollah, M. Y. A., Vempati, R. K., Lin, T.-C., and Cocke, D. L. (1995). “The interfacial chemistry of solidification/stabilization of metals in cement and pozzolanic material systems.” Waste Manage., 15(2), 137–148.
Monosi, S., Giretti, P., Moriconi, G., Favoni, O., and Collepardi, M. (2001). “Non ferrous slag as cementitious material and fine aggregate for concrete.” Proc., 3rd Canmet/ACI Int. Symp. on Sustainable Development of Cement and Concrete, American Concrete Institute (ACI), Farmington Hills, MI, SP-202, 33–44.
Morrison, C. (2005). “Improving construction sustainability by using glassy secondary materials as aggregate in concrete.” Ph.D. thesis, Univ. of Sheffield, Sheffield, UK.
Morrison, C., Hooper, R., and Lardnera, K. (2003). “The use of ferro-silicate slag from ISF zinc production as a sand replacement in concrete.” Cem. Concr. Res., 33(12), 2085–2089.
Naik, T. R. (2008). “Sustainability of concrete construction.” Pract. Period. Struct. Design Constr., 13(2), 98–103.
Naik, T. R., Singh, S. S., and Ramme, B. W. (2002). “Effect of source of fly ash on abrasion resistance of concrete.” J. Mater. Civ. Eng., 14(5), 417–426.
Patil, S. B. (2009). “Application of solidification/stabilization technique—use of imperial smelting furnace (ISF) slag as a construction material.” Ph.D. thesis, Malaviya National Institute of Technology, Jaipur, India.
Rajasthan State Pollution Control Board (RSPCB). (2007). “Executive summary of state of environment report for Rajasthan.” Government of Rajasthan, India.
Sorlini, S., Collivignarelli, C., Plizzari, G., and Foglie, M. D. (2004). “Reuse of waelz slag as recycled aggregate for structural concrete.” Proc., Conf. on Use of Recycled Materials in Buildings and Structures, RILEM, Barcelona, Spain, Abstract number 299.
Tashiro, C., Takahashi, H., Kanaya, M., Hirakida, I., and Yoshida, R. (1977). “Hardening property of cement mortar adding heavy metal compound and solubility of heavy metal from hardened mortar.” Cem. Concr. Res., 7(3), 283–290.
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA). (1992). “Toxicity characteristics leaching procedure.” Method 1311, USEPA, Washington, DC.
Weeks, C., Hand, R. J., and Sharp, J. H. (2008). “Retardation of cement hydration caused by heavy metals present in ISF slag used as aggregate.” Cem. Concr. Compos., 30(10), 970–978.

Information & Authors

Information

Published In

Go to Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering
Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering
Volume 25Issue 11November 2013
Pages: 1611 - 1618

History

Received: Dec 9, 2011
Accepted: Oct 8, 2012
Published online: Oct 11, 2012
Discussion open until: Mar 11, 2013
Published in print: Nov 1, 2013

Permissions

Request permissions for this article.

Authors

Affiliations

Bhavna Tripathi
Principal Investigator (DST project), Dept. of Civil Engineering, Malaviya National Institute of Technology, Jaipur 302017, India.
Anurag Misra
Director, Anand International College of Engineering, Jaipur 303012, India.
Sandeep Chaudhary [email protected]
Associate Professor, Dept. of Civil Engineering, Malaviya National Institute of Technology, Jaipur 302017, India (corresponding author). E-mail: [email protected]

Metrics & Citations

Metrics

Citations

Download citation

If you have the appropriate software installed, you can download article citation data to the citation manager of your choice. Simply select your manager software from the list below and click Download.

Cited by

View Options

Get Access

Access content

Please select your options to get access

Log in/Register Log in via your institution (Shibboleth)
ASCE Members: Please log in to see member pricing

Purchase

Save for later Information on ASCE Library Cards
ASCE Library Cards let you download journal articles, proceedings papers, and available book chapters across the entire ASCE Library platform. ASCE Library Cards remain active for 24 months or until all downloads are used. Note: This content will be debited as one download at time of checkout.

Terms of Use: ASCE Library Cards are for individual, personal use only. Reselling, republishing, or forwarding the materials to libraries or reading rooms is prohibited.
ASCE Library Card (5 downloads)
$105.00
Add to cart
ASCE Library Card (20 downloads)
$280.00
Add to cart
Buy Single Article
$35.00
Add to cart

Get Access

Access content

Please select your options to get access

Log in/Register Log in via your institution (Shibboleth)
ASCE Members: Please log in to see member pricing

Purchase

Save for later Information on ASCE Library Cards
ASCE Library Cards let you download journal articles, proceedings papers, and available book chapters across the entire ASCE Library platform. ASCE Library Cards remain active for 24 months or until all downloads are used. Note: This content will be debited as one download at time of checkout.

Terms of Use: ASCE Library Cards are for individual, personal use only. Reselling, republishing, or forwarding the materials to libraries or reading rooms is prohibited.
ASCE Library Card (5 downloads)
$105.00
Add to cart
ASCE Library Card (20 downloads)
$280.00
Add to cart
Buy Single Article
$35.00
Add to cart

Media

Figures

Other

Tables

Share

Share

Copy the content Link

Share with email

Email a colleague

Share