Chapter
Apr 26, 2012

Development of a Microscopic Traffic Simulation Model Using TRANSIMS: A Case Study in the Southeast Michigan Area

Publication: ICCTP 2010: Integrated Transportation Systems: Green, Intelligent, Reliable

Abstract

Bridge and highway construction is a main cause of congestion due to traffic disruption or reduction of traffic capacity from partial or complete lane closure. Currently its mobility impacts and travel pattern changes are analyzed mostly by microscopic traffic simulation models to develop appropriate mitigation measures. Developing microscopic models for large-scale networks is very challenging due to infrastructure complexity and human behavior in route choices, and the difficulty in capturing the dynamic traffic stream at a fine spatial-temporal resolution. The Transportation Analysis and Simulation System (TRANSIMS) is a recent advancement to address this challenge. This paper presents findings of a study on developing microscopic traffic models in TRANSIMS for the Southeast Michigan area to evaluate traffic impacts from a major highway construction project, or the I-75/I-94 Ambassador Gateway project. The focus of this paper is a methodology of utilizing macroscopic, regional transportation models to assist in developing a microscopic traffic simulation model for large-scale networks. Key model development challenges encountered in this study and their solutions are also presented to benefit future research and application of microscopic transportation models in evaluating traffic impacts from infrastructure construction activities.

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Go to ICCTP 2010
ICCTP 2010: Integrated Transportation Systems: Green, Intelligent, Reliable
Pages: 3552 - 3563

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Published online: Apr 26, 2012

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Hongtao Zhang, Ph.D. [email protected]
Student, at Nanjing Normal University and Visiting Scholar at Western Michigan University, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210046, P.R. China.E-mail: [email protected]
Assistant Professor, School of Civil Engineering, Purdue University, 550 Stadium Mall Drive, West Lafayette, IN 47907.E-mail: [email protected]
Jun-Seok Oh [email protected]
Associate Professor, Department of Civil and Construction Engineering, Western Michigan University, Kalamazoo, MI 49008-5316.E-mail: [email protected]
C. Y. David Yang [email protected]
Highway Research Engineer, Turner-Fairbank Highway Research Center, FHWA, U.S. DOT, 6300 Georgetown Pike, HRDO-03, McLean, VA 22101.E-mail: [email protected]

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