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Aug 11, 2016

Review of the Reclamation Techniques for Acid-Generating Mine Wastes upon Closure of Disposal Sites

Publication: Geo-Chicago 2016

Abstract

Acid mine drainage (AMD) remains a major environmental challenge for the mining industry. The preferred options for effectively limiting the environmental impact of AMD consist in controlling the reactions through the use of preventative techniques. Their principal objective is to exclude at least one of the constitutive elements of the chemical reactions, i.e. water, oxygen, or sulfidic minerals. The article recalls the basic principles and reviews different approaches for the prevention and control of AMD upon mine closure. The main methods include multi-layer covers, water covers, and an elevated water table (with a mono-layer cover). Their main advantages, limitations and uncertainties are addressed. Alternative approaches, such as environmental desulphurization and co-disposal of waste rock and tailings, are also discussed.

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Go to Geo-Chicago 2016
Geo-Chicago 2016
Pages: 343 - 358

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Published online: Aug 11, 2016

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Michel Aubertin, M.ASCE
École Polytechnique de Montréal, QC, Canada H3C 3A5; Research Institute on Mines and Environment (RIME UQAT-Polytechnique).
Bruno Bussière
Université du Québec en Abitibi-Témiscamingue, QC, Canada J9X 5E4; Research Institute on Mines and Environment (RIME UQAT-Polytechnique).
Thomas Pabst
Norvegian Geotechnical Institute, Oslo, Norway 0806.
Michael James
École Polytechnique de Montréal, QC, Canada H3C 3A5; Research Institute on Mines and Environment (RIME UQAT-Polytechnique).
Mamert Mbonimpa
Université du Québec en Abitibi-Témiscamingue, QC, Canada J9X 5E4; Research Institute on Mines and Environment (RIME UQAT-Polytechnique).

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