Technical Papers
Sep 27, 2023

Laboratory Investigation of the Structural Performance of a Large-Diameter Steel-Reinforced Polyethylene Pipe

Publication: Journal of Pipeline Systems Engineering and Practice
Volume 15, Issue 1

Abstract

A commissioning test of the deep-burial simulator at Queen’s University, Canada, was conducted on a 3.05-m-diameter steel-reinforced polyethylene pipe to evaluate the behavior and design of this pipe class under deep burial. The diameter change measurements indicated that friction on the side walls was mitigated ensuring that the surface load was transferred to the pipe. Measurements of the displacement and rotation of the surface loading plates and strain in the steel reinforcing strips combined with visual observations after exhumation indicated that the pipe failed due to yielding of the steel reinforcing ribs. The surface pressure that the pipe was able to withstand exceeded the maximum burial depth specified by the manufacturer. Comparisons are also made between the experimental thrust forces at the springline and estimates from two design codes and a finite-element estimate; all were similar, with the rate of thrust increase with overburden pressure from the computer analysis approximately 8% larger than the measurement. Thus, the experimental results confirm that use of finite-element and code-equation analyses to design this pipe class for deep-burial conditions appear to be appropriate.

Get full access to this article

View all available purchase options and get full access to this article.

Data Availability Statement

Some or all data, models, or code that support the findings of this study are available from the corresponding author upon reasonable request.

Acknowledgments

The authors would like to acknowledge the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council (NSERC) of Canada, the Canada Foundation for Innovation, and the Government of Ontario for their financial support of this research. Thanks also to Mr. Darrell Sanders of Contech for providing the test specimen used in this research as well as financial support of the test facility used for this research. Finally, Graeme Boyd, Joshua Coghlan, and Brian Westervelt deserve recognition for helping with instrumentation and data acquisition.

References

AASHTO. 2014. AASHTO LRFD bridge construction specification. 7th ed. Washington, DC: AASHTO.
ASTM. 2017. Standard practice for classification of soils for engineering purposes (unified soil classification system). ASTM D2487-17. West Conshohocken, PA: ASTM.
Becerril García, D., and I. D. Moore. 2014. “Behaviour of bell and spigot joints in buried reinforced concrete pipelines.” Can. Geotech. J. 52 (5): 609–625. https://doi.org/10.1139/cgj-2013-0072.
Brachman, R. W. I., I. D. Moore, and A. C. Mak. 2010. “Ultimate limit state of deep-corrugated large-span box culvert.” Transp. Res. Rec. 2201 (1): 55–61. https://doi.org/10.3141/2201-07.
Brachman, R. W. I., I. D. Moore, and R. K. Rowe. 2000. “The design of a laboratory facility for evaluating the structural response of small-diameter buried pipes.” Can. Geotech. J. 37 (2): 281–295. https://doi.org/10.1139/t99-104.
Contech Engineered Solutions LLC (Limited Liability Company). 2018. “DuroMaxx specification sheet.” Accessed September 25, 2022. https://www.conteches.com/Portals/0/Documents/Specifications/DuroMaxx_30%20-%20120%20inch%20Specification.pdf?ver=2018-05-16-083613-883.
CSA (Canadian Standards Association). 2014. Canadian highway bridge design code. CSA S6-14. Mississauga, ON, Canada: CSA Group.
Elshimi, T. M., R. W. I. Brachman, and I. D. Moore. 2014. “Effect of truck position and multiple truck loading on response of long-span metal culverts.” Can. Geotech. J. 51 (2): 196–207. https://doi.org/10.1139/cgj-2013-0176.
Mai, V. T., N. Hoult, and I. Moore. 2018. “Numerical evaluation of a deeply buried pipe testing facility.” Adv. Struct. Eng. 21 (16): 2571–2588. https://doi.org/10.1177/1369433218783769.
Mai, V. T., N. A. Hoult, and I. D. Moore. 2012. Use of CANDE and design codes to assess stability of deteriorated metal culverts. Washington, DC: Transportation Research Board.
Mai, V. T., N. A. Hoult, and I. D. Moore. 2013. “Effect of deterioration on the performance of corrugated steel culverts.” J. Geotech. Geoenviron. Eng. 140 (2): 04013007. https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)GT.1943-5606.0001021.
Moore, I. D. 2001. “Buried pipes and culverts.” In Geotechnical and geoenvironmental engineering handbook, 541–567. Boston: Springer.
Moore, I. D. 2012. “Large-scale laboratory experiments to advance the design and performance of buried pipe infrastructure.” In Proc., 3rd Int. Conf. on Pipelines and Trenchless Technology, 805–815. Reston, VA: ASCE.
Moore, I. D., and F. Hu. 1996. “Linear viscoelastic modelling of profiled high density polyethylene pipe.” Can. J. Civ. Eng. 23 (2): 395–407. https://doi.org/10.1139/l96-044.
Simpson, B., I. D. Moore, and N. A. Hoult. 2015. “Experimental investigation of rehabilitated steel culvert performance under static surface loading.” J. Geotech. Geoenviron. Eng. 142 (2): 04015076. https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)GT.1943-5606.0001406.
Tognon, A. R., R. K. Rowe, and R. W. Brachman. 1999. “Evaluation of side wall friction for a buried pipe testing facility.” Geotext. Geomembr. 17 (4): 193–212. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0266-1144(99)00004-7.

Information & Authors

Information

Published In

Go to Journal of Pipeline Systems Engineering and Practice
Journal of Pipeline Systems Engineering and Practice
Volume 15Issue 1February 2024

History

Received: Oct 2, 2022
Accepted: Jul 21, 2023
Published online: Sep 27, 2023
Published in print: Feb 1, 2024
Discussion open until: Feb 27, 2024

Permissions

Request permissions for this article.

ASCE Technical Topics:

Authors

Affiliations

Van Thien Mai, Ph.D. [email protected]
Researcher, Dept. of Civil Engineering, Queen’s Univ., Kingston, ON, Canada K7L 3N9. Email: [email protected]
Ian D. Moore, Ph.D., P.Eng., M.ASCE [email protected]
Professor and Canada Research Chair in Infrastructure Engineering, GeoEngineering Centre at Queen’s–RMC, Dept. of Civil Engineering, Queen’s Univ., Kingston, ON, Canada K7L 3N9. Email: [email protected]
Neil A. Hoult, Ph.D., P.Eng., M.ASCE https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2819-7410 [email protected]
Professor, Dept. of Civil Engineering, Queen’s Univ., Kingston, ON, Canada K7L 3N9 (corresponding author). ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2819-7410. Email: [email protected]

Metrics & Citations

Metrics

Citations

Download citation

If you have the appropriate software installed, you can download article citation data to the citation manager of your choice. Simply select your manager software from the list below and click Download.

View Options

Get Access

Access content

Please select your options to get access

Log in/Register Log in via your institution (Shibboleth)
ASCE Members: Please log in to see member pricing

Purchase

Save for later Information on ASCE Library Cards
ASCE Library Cards let you download journal articles, proceedings papers, and available book chapters across the entire ASCE Library platform. ASCE Library Cards remain active for 24 months or until all downloads are used. Note: This content will be debited as one download at time of checkout.

Terms of Use: ASCE Library Cards are for individual, personal use only. Reselling, republishing, or forwarding the materials to libraries or reading rooms is prohibited.
ASCE Library Card (5 downloads)
$105.00
Add to cart
ASCE Library Card (20 downloads)
$280.00
Add to cart
Buy Single Article
$35.00
Add to cart

Get Access

Access content

Please select your options to get access

Log in/Register Log in via your institution (Shibboleth)
ASCE Members: Please log in to see member pricing

Purchase

Save for later Information on ASCE Library Cards
ASCE Library Cards let you download journal articles, proceedings papers, and available book chapters across the entire ASCE Library platform. ASCE Library Cards remain active for 24 months or until all downloads are used. Note: This content will be debited as one download at time of checkout.

Terms of Use: ASCE Library Cards are for individual, personal use only. Reselling, republishing, or forwarding the materials to libraries or reading rooms is prohibited.
ASCE Library Card (5 downloads)
$105.00
Add to cart
ASCE Library Card (20 downloads)
$280.00
Add to cart
Buy Single Article
$35.00
Add to cart

Media

Figures

Other

Tables

Share

Share

Copy the content Link

Share with email

Email a colleague

Share